Lessons for Swacch Bharat from Hyderabad

Based on an audit of public toilets in Hyderabad, this article by Indivar Jonnalagadda (Researcher at HUL) and Sandeep Tanniru (HUL intern) argues that public-private partnership projects seem to have compounded the problems of inequitable spatial distribution and inefficient operation of toilets. They have also failed to address the problem of lack of facilities for women and differently-abled people. With the Swacch Bharat Mission, the way forward must involve a careful rethinking of public toilet governance, including revision of planning norms, providing statutory backing to these norms, and creating effective regulatory institutions. This is essential to alleviate the intensifying everyday contestations between those who desire a “clean city” and those who are forced to defecate in the open.

The article is available for free at the India Water Portal.

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